Craft

Lampshades

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My old desk lamp with a green shade long since lost its glass cap. Buy a new lampshade proved to be problematic. Then, whether the standard before the other was, that there was held a fashion similar to the lights, wandering from one movie about Lenin in another, but to find a commercially cover the desired size and shape could not. So, in fact, had the idea to make a lampshade in the fashion now the style of “Tiffany” of colored glass.
manufacture of stained glass in the home hampered by the lack of expensive machines for glass processing, and, perhaps, the initial high cost of stained glass.
Then I will tell you how make an original ceiling lamp without any cutting, trimming, grinding glass … To work needed ready slides – cabochons. Cabochon – a method of treating glassware or stone, when the lower side is flat while the outer convex and smooth. Generally rounded. Slides are sold in departments of products for decorating. Come in different colors, interspersed with pearl coating, transparent and colorless. Diameter from 10 to 25mm.

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Bind them, we will by soldering tin-lead solder technology first proposed by Lewis Tiffany in 1885godu. The essence of the technique “Tiffany” is as follows: slides okantovyvayut copper foil in charge of and brazed together at the ends.
The copper foil – folia is sold in rolls and is on 30metrov different widths from 3 to 15mm. We will approach folia 5-6mm wide. The inner side is covered with foil and the adhesive layer is protected by a thin paper.

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Peel off the protective film of adhesive on the glass, you need to carefully wrap cabochon over the face, cutting off the ends of the foil on the 3-5mm.

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Crimp foil tightly with your fingers and smooth wrinkles formed wooden stick. Then the foil must be tinned, ie create a tin slips firmly held inside cabochon. As flux is better to use modern gels for soldering. They are less toxic to humans and are easily washed off with water. The solder should be rich in tin as a solid. The fact that, unlike a conventional stained glass window, we will not solder glass around the periphery, but only at certain points of contact components that require high mechanical strength.

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Before solder prepared cabochons in the product, you should at least imagine that you should get in the end. Of course, if you do not act according to the principle: what happens. By the way, the abstraction of colored glass looks pretty good too. Then everyone will see in it something of their own 🙂
For my lamp I chose such coloring:
The first two rows of green – symbolize the grass. Bottom row darker, then to hide the staffing ceiling mount.
Then the “five-petal blossoms” yellow, red, cream, blue on green “stalks”.
In the “color” and above – azure color – the sky or air.
The abundance of light background may not be the best selection for “flowers”, I used also for practical purposes – to maximize light the lamp. It will be a function not only of a table lamp, but also as emergency lighting during the long winter evenings.

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To conserve power, acquired a special power saving bulbs 18vatt. She shines as 75vattnaya lamp filament and almost not heated. Further, on how to make the form template to the size of the lampshade …

Connect with each other glass, giving the finished product the required shape, you will agree, without some sort of base-support – is not easy.
Old lampshade my lamp has a rounded shape, in my opinion the only acceptable for the design of the luminaire. Approximately the same shape as the upper part has a conventional balloon. I also used it to prepare the template.

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Inflating the balloon to a diameter slightly larger lower base mounting lampshade, put it in a plastic bucket for fixing.
The way papier-mache was a strong cardboard mold. In this case, I did not use the crumbling pulp and paste the surface of the pieces of old newspapers, layer by layer.

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The last layer made ​​of white paper for aesthetic 🙂
After drying, left to pull out all of the bucket and pull the ball.

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Next we make…… which will initially held our future masterpiece.

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The form is ready. You can start soldering … do not cause any markings, cabochons picked along the way.

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It is desirable at a time to perform at least half of the work, and all the better 
Then you will be able to withdraw the product from the base without the threat of break and wash away flux residues. flux, solder left on for a long time, begins to corrode the surface.
Another important quality solder all joints and on the inner surface of the ceiling. Without this operation, you will not achieve the necessary mechanical strength of the product.

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Also, the inside of the solder copper wire for added rigidity and attachment to the lamp fixture.
Over time, under the influence of the environment, shiny tin fade. You can give the original luster after washing lampshade cleaner for metal. You can immediately and cover all soldering solution for toning – patina. Patina is sold as a turnkey solution. If you are unable or unwilling to buy patina, you can rub all parts of tinned saturated copper sulfate solution, rinse, dry and polish with felt to copper luster. What is also very beautiful. And finally what I came …

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